Details of Salmonella Species

Important Characters of Salmonella 1. Salmonella is a Gram Negative, Rod Shape, coli-form Bacteria. 2. It is motile in nature and has peritrichous Flagella. 3. Salmonella Species are Facultative anerobic in nature. 4. They are non-spore forming and non-capsulated Bacteria in nature. 5. They are Intracellular pathogen / Parasite. 6. Salmonella Species is found in … Read more

Types of Microorganisms on the basis of Temperature

Types of Micro-organisms on the basis of Temperature Effect of Environment on the growth of Micro-organism The chemical and physical conditions of the environment have a great effect on the growth and activities of micro-organisms. Environmental conditions such as temperature, ph, hydrogen ion concentration, osmotic pressure, heavy metals and ultraviolet ray have a great influence … Read more

Archaebacteria and its Details

Archaebacteria and its Details Archaebacteria The cells that have different characters from both prokaryotes and eukaryotes are called as Archaebacteria. The microorganisms that are placed in Archaebacteria group are prokaryotic in nature but are closely related to the eukaryotic bacteria. Archaebacteria are heterogenous bacteria found in extreme habitat like 1. High Temperature 2. High Salt concentration 3. … Read more

Cyanophage and its Details

Cyanophage and its Details Cyanobacteria ž Cyanobacteria are microscopic, photosynthetic, aquatic bacteria. ž It is generally found in fresh water, Lake, Ocean, Streams, Moist soil and rock. ž Cyanobacteria is also called as blue-green algae and also called as cyanophyte. ž They are aquatic, photosynthetic, prokaryotic bacteria so its name was renamed as Cyanobacteria. ž … Read more

Morphology and Structure of Viruses

Morphology and Structure of Viruses Definition of Viruses Virus is a smallest infectious particle, Unicellular, Obligate Intracellular parasite. Lets see Morphology and structure of viruses in detail. Characters of Viruses Size of Viruses Shape of Viruses Structure of viruses – It consist of Capsid , nucleic acid and envelop. 1. Size of Viruses Viruses are smaller … Read more

General Characters of Viruses

General Characters of Viruses Viruses Virology is a branch of science that deals with the study of viruses. Viruses are non-living characters, they are not cells. They do not have a cytoplasm or any kind of cellular organelles to carry out any kind of metabolism. Viruses are able to infect all living forms including plants, animals, … Read more

Structure of Typical Bacterial Cell

Structure of Bacterial Cell Bacterial cell The bacterial cell is made up of various internal as well as external anatomical structure. Introduction A bacterial cell shows various parts and these parts have specific structure and functions. Some structures are present in that particular species and hence that structure is characteristic feature of that species. Various … Read more

Major Microbiological Institutes of India Part – 1

Major Microbiological Institutes of India Part – 1 Microbiology is a wide branch of science which can give you a great opportunity to work in different fields. Here I am sharing a list of different Institutes. This list can be helpful for those who are in search of various job opportunities and further studies after … Read more

Major Microbiological Institutes of India Part – 2

Major Microbiological Institutes of India Part – 2 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research Complex, Post Box No. 6 Palampur (H.P) 176061 Common wealth Institute of Biological Center (Indian Station) Post Box no 2484, H. A. Farm, Bangalore – 560024 Defense Agricultural Laboratory Post Box No. 40, Haldawani – 263139 Defense Food Research Laboratory Jyothi … Read more

Production of Ethyl Alcohol

Fermentation of Ethyl Alcohol 1]  Introduction Ethyl Alcohol is also called as ethanol. Ethanol is produced by biological process in which sugars  such as glucose, fructose, sucrose are converted into alcohol and carbon dioxide. The fermentation carried out is anaerobic condition. Ethanol is volatile and flammable liquid. Alcohol fermentation was the first fermentation that was … Read more