Details of Salmonella Species



Important Characters of Salmonella

1. Salmonella is a Gram Negative, Rod Shape, coli-form Bacteria.

2. It is motile in nature and has peritrichous Flagella.

3. Salmonella Species are Facultative anerobic in nature.

4. They are non-spore forming and non-capsulated Bacteria in nature.

5. They are Intracellular pathogen / Parasite.

6. Salmonella Species is found in Human, Warm and Cold Blooded animals, Contaminated food and Water.

7. They are pathogenic to Vertebrates and cause Typhoid, Enteric fever, Septic anemia, and Gastroenteritis.

6 Examples – Salmonella typhi, Salmonella typhimurium etc.

Scientific Classification

1] Domain – Bacteria

2] Phylum – Proteobacteria

3] Class – Gammaproteobacteria

4] Order – Enterobacterales

5] Family – Enterobacteriaceae

6] Genus – Salmonella

Biochemical Characters

TestResult
1] Nitrate ReductionPositive [+ve]
2] CatalasePositive [+ve]
3] Methyl RedPositive [+ve]
4] Hydrogen SulfidePositive [+ve]
5] VP [ Voges-Proskauer ]Negative [-ve]
6] OxidaseNegative [-ve]
7] IndoleNegative [-ve]
8] Gelatin HydrolysisNegative [-ve]
9] Citrate UtilizationNegative [-ve]