Nomenclature of Bacterial Cell
In this world, there are millions of microorganisms.These microorganism are present everywhere and each organism has its unique and special features.There is a huge diversity in morphological, physical, and chemical characters of these organism.So due to such a huge diversity it is very important to name and classify these organism.Nomenclature and classification of these micro-organism can avoid confusion and misunderstanding .Due to huge diversity of these organism they are named into different names which leads to confusion.So naming these organism in a systematic and logical way is very important.
These organism are named in two ways.
- Common Name
- Scientific Name
1. Common Name.
- Common name is not a universal name.
- One same organism may have many common names depending upon different parts of the world.
- Common naming system can create chaos.
- Where as it can cause difficulties in scientific research.
- So it naming of organism in a scientific manner is very important.
2. Scientific Nomenclature.
- Scientific nomenclature is a binomial nomenclature system which was introduced by Carl Vone Linne.
- Scientific name is a universal name accepted in the whole world.
- Binomial nomenclature system consist of first name as Genus and second name is species name of that bacteria.
A) Genus name
- Genus name can be of Latin or Greek origin.
- It may be a name of a founder of that organism.
- Genus name may be of any gender Masculine, Feminine, or Neuter.
B) Species name
- It may be a adjective or a noun.
Some important rules of nomenclature.
- The names should be written in latin , Greek or combination of both.
- The name should be printed in Italics and if it is typed or handwritten it should be underlined.
- First letter of genus should be in capital word and remaining should be in lower case.
- Name given through nomenclature system should be approved.